When you do research for your papers and projects, you always need to cite your sources. To cite means to point to the evidence. You need to show where you found the information you used in your research.
It does not matter what type of source it is. It can be in print or online. It can be an image or a conversation.
Examples: data, journal article, chart or graph, newspaper article, book, ideas, theories and concepts, course lectures, emails & phone conversations, blogs & wikis, the web. We could go on, but you get the idea…
WHEN TO CITE
Quoting and paraphrasing are two important concepts when you are writing a research paper. You need to cite when you quote a source and when you paraphrase a source.
Quote: To quote means that you are using the author's exact words in your text. Quotes from other authors should be in "quotation marks".
Paraphrase: To paraphrase means to restate the words of the author in your own words. In your document, your restating of the original is not in quotation marks but remember to cite your source!
WHY DO I NEED TO CITE?
WHERE TO CITE
There are two places where you need to cite your sources: in the body of your document, and either as footnotes at the bottom of each page or in a list of sources at the end of your paper. Your list of sources at the end of your paper can be called a bibliography, works cited list, or reference list.
Style manuals or style guides tell you where and how to properly and consistently cite your sources. For example, they will tell you how an author's name should be arranged or whether an article title should be italicized, placed in quotation marks, or use bold fonts.
There are several different style manuals, including APA, MLA, and Chicago. You should ask you instructor which one to use. Here is a link to Willamette's citation guides.
You might find that resources provided by your library can be really helpful, and you can access many of these resources online through your library's website.
Don't forget that our librarians are excellent resources!