Having problems writing your paper? The Writing Center offers individual appointments with a writing consultant.
Support for students whose home language is not English will also be provided.
The Writing Center is located on the ground floor of Ford Hall.
The Council of Science Editors (CSE) style is designed for the general sciences including biology. These examples are based on the Name-Year style of the 2006 scientific style and format guide, 7th edition. You need to cite your sources in two places within your paper: in-text and bibliography
Part I outlines how to cite a paraphrased summary of an author's words or work within your paper.
Part II outlines how to create an alphabetical list of references at the end of your paper that lists anything you cite.
There are three types of in-text citation options for the CSE: Name-Year, Citation-Sequence, Citation-Name. Willamette uses the Name-Year option. In-text references consist of paraphrased descriptions of research done by others. Parentheses are placed around the author's surname and year of publication. Quotes are rarely used in scientific publications.
The reference list is located at the end of a document under the heading "Reference," "Cited References," Literature Cited," or "Bibliography." It alphabetically lists and matches the sources cited within the text, including tables and figures.
RefWorks is a web-based bibliography management and citation tool. Import references from databases, library catalogs, generic web sites, and more. It converts to hundreds of citation formats quickly and easily.
For help with RefWorks contact John Repplinger, firstname.lastname@example.org, 503-370-6525. Alumni can request an account to be setup by contacting John Repplinger.
Accounts that are not used within 3 years will be deleted. If an account shows a large amount of use or a significant number of references (e.g. over 50 references), the account may remain open for a total of five years.