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These statistics are from the HIV & AIDS organizations listed below:
Barriers to HIV response
Stigma & Discrimination (Michigan)
- 80% experienced self-blame & guilt about being HIVpositive.
- 73% experienced at least one form of social discrimination, most commonly hearing gossip about their HIV status.
- 20% experienced at least one form of institutional discrimination, predominately related to healthcare, housing, & insurance access.
- 20% felt that their rights as a person living with HIV had been violated or abused.
The Center for Disease Control and the Department of Justice found that by 2011 a total of 67 laws had been enacted in 33 states that explicitly focused on persons living with HIV. Rights and privileges have also decreased; in 2018, 37 states no longer prohibited health insurance discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity; uninsured LGBT people may struggle to afford healthcare.
Poverty and Poor Healthcare Access
"Uneven healthcare provision is also a major barrier to effective services, with the quality of HIV prevention and care received varying greatly across the country depending on location and socio-economic group."
Populations Most Affected by HIV in the U.S.
HIV Prevention Programs in the U.S.
Avert.org lists various methods of HIV prevention programs in the United States: HIV and sex education, condom availability and use, HIV prevention campaigns, preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTC), harm reduction, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and antiretroviral treatment.
U.S. Transgender Survey (2015)
Key U.S. Statistics
- About 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV today.
- 15 percent (1 in 7) of people who have HIV in the U.S. are unaware they are infected.
- The number of new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. has remained stable from 2012 to 2016; in 2017, 38,739 people in the U.S. received an HIV diagnosis.
- Adolescents and young adults (aged 13-29) account for 41% of new HIV diagnoses in 2017.
- The HIV epidemic is driven by sexual contact, and is concentrated among certain key populations, in particular gay men.
- African Americans are worse affected by HIV across all key population groups.
- The opioid epidemic in the U.S. threatens the gains made on reducing HIV among people who use drugs.
- HIV rates are higher in southern states.
- Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic until 2016, around 692,790 people died of AIDS-related illnesses.
- The country's first National HIV/AIDS Strategy was created in 2010 and updated in 2015.