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- 80% experienced self-blame & guilt about being HIVpositive.
- 73% experienced at least one form of social discrimination, most commonly hearing gossip about their HIV status.
- 20% experienced at least one form of institutional discrimination, predominately related to healthcare, housing, & insurance access.
- 20% felt that their rights as a person living with HIV had been violated or abused.
The Center for Disease Control and the Department of Justice found that by 2011 a total of 67 laws had been enacted in 33 states that explicitly focused on persons living with HIV. Rights and privileges have also decreased; in 2018, 37 states no longer prohibited health insurance discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity; uninsured LGBT people may struggle to afford healthcare.
"Uneven healthcare provision is also a major barrier to effective services, with the quality of HIV prevention and care received varying greatly across the country depending on location and socio-economic group."
Communities covered in more detail include African American/black people, Hispanic/Latino people, Transgender people, Prisoners, People who inject drugs, and Young people.
HIV Prevention Programs in the U.S.
Avert.org lists various methods of HIV prevention programs in the United States: HIV and sex education, condom availability and use, HIV prevention campaigns, preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTC), harm reduction, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and antiretroviral treatment.
U.S. Transgender Survey (2015)
Key U.S. Statistics
About 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV today.
15 percent (1 in 7) of people who have HIV in the U.S. are unaware they are infected.
The number of new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. has remained stable from 2012 to 2016; in 2017, 38,739 people in the U.S. received an HIV diagnosis.
Adolescents and young adults (aged 13-29) account for 41% of new HIV diagnoses in 2017.
The HIV epidemic is driven by sexual contact, and is concentrated among certain key populations, in particular gay men.
African Americans are worse affected by HIV across all key population groups.
The opioid epidemic in the U.S. threatens the gains made on reducing HIV among people who use drugs.
HIV rates are higher in southern states.
Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic until 2016, around 692,790 people died of AIDS-related illnesses.