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IDS 101: American Medicine, Competence, Conceit, and Culture: HIV-AIDS Statistics

HIV Organizations

These statistics are from the HIV & AIDS organizations listed below:

Barriers to HIV response

Populations Most Affected by HIV in the U.S.

For additional statistics and info about specific communities, visit:
https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/western-central-europe-north-america/usa#footnote4_i308lcn

Communities covered in more detail include African American/black people, Hispanic/Latino people, Transgender people, Prisoners, People who inject drugs, and Young people.

HIV Prevention Programs in the U.S.

 

Avert.org lists various methods of HIV prevention programs in the United States: HIV and sex education, condom availability and use, HIV prevention campaigns, preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTC), harm reduction, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and antiretroviral treatment.  

U.S. Transgender Survey (2015)

Key U.S. Statistics

  • About 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV today.
  • 15 percent (1 in 7) of people who have HIV in the U.S. are unaware they are infected.
  • The number of new HIV diagnoses in the U.S. has remained stable from 2012 to 2016; in 2017, 38,739 people in the U.S. received an HIV diagnosis. 
  • Adolescents and young adults (aged 13-29) account for 41% of new HIV diagnoses in 2017.
  • The HIV epidemic is driven by sexual contact, and is concentrated among certain key populations, in particular gay men. 
  • African Americans are worse affected by HIV across all key population groups.
  • The opioid epidemic in the U.S. threatens the gains made on reducing HIV among people who use drugs.
  • HIV rates are higher in  southern states.  
  • Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic until 2016, around 692,790 people died of AIDS-related illnesses.
  • The country's first National HIV/AIDS Strategy was created in 2010 and updated in 2015. 

Source: HIV.gov