Having problems writing your paper? The Writing Center offers individual appointments with a writing consultant. Writing Center Consultants will give honest feedback about where the writing confuses them, or loses them, particularly interests them, leaves them needing additional explanation or support, and the like. They can help writers to organize their arguments more effectively by asking them, for example, what the organizing principle at work in the current draft is.
Writing Center Web Page
FORD HALL HOURS (Room 105)
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Support for students whose home language is not English will also be provided. Appointments are available for signup on the WISE site, Writing Center, with those of all other consultants. Print forms are available in the Writing Center (Ford 105)
This guide fills in the gaps of other style guides when dealing with online resources, so if your other styles guide doesn't mention how to cite an online source, try this. The following are examples of how to cite commonly used Internet Sources.
These are suggestions based on the commonly used APA and MLA style guides, as interpreted in Electronic Style: a handbook for citing electronic information by Nancy Crane and Xia Li. The print edition of this guide is located in the citation manual collection by the reference desk (Call number: Reference PN171.F56 L5 1996).
Additional sources for guidance and examples are available (see below for details). Please ask at the Hatfield Library Reference Desk for additional assistance.
Arab republic of Egypt. (1997, June 1). Retrieved August 18, 1997 from http://menic.utexas.edu/menic/countries/egypt.html.
Arab Republic of Egypt. Austin, TX: Center for Middle East Studies, 1 June 1997. Online. Middle East Network Information Center. Available: http://menic.utexas.edu/menic/countries/egypt.html. 18 August 1997.
Ripp, G. Iva. (1997, August 18). Periodical usage of periods in electronic periodicals. Message posted to SERIALST electronic mailing list, archived at http://list.uvm.edu/serialst.
Ripp, G. Iva. "Periodical usage of periods in electronic periodicals." 18 August 1997. SERIALST. Online posting. Available E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. 18 August 1997.
According to current APA rules, email messages are cited parenthetically in the text as a personal communication, but are not included in the reference list.
(John Barleycorn, personal communication, July 21, 1993)
Janice Walker and Todd Taylor's The Columbia Guide to Online Style (adjacent to the Reference Desk, call number REF PN171 .F56 W35 1998) and APA Style.org.
Li, Xi and Nancy B. Crane. Electronic style: a handbook for citing electronic information. Medford, N.J.: Information Today, 1996. REF PN171.F56 L5 1996.
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA handbook for writers of research papers. 6th ed.
New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2003. REF LB
2369 .G53 2003.
(See section 5.9, pages 207-235 for citing e-sources)
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. 4th ed.
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2001. REF BF
76.7 .P83 2001.
(See pages 268-281 for citing e-sources)